Betel Leaf is popularly known as “Paan” in India and the betel vine leaves are in deep green color with heart shape which is widely used in India and the scientific name of betel vine is Piper betel. In the world, there are more than 90 varieties of betel leaf, out of which about 45 are found in India and 30 varieties in West Bengal. The Betel leaf is a vine of the family Piperaceae, which includes pepper and Kava. Betel leaf is mostly consumed in Asia, and elsewhere in the world by some Asian emigrants, as betel quid or in paan, with areca nut and or tobacco. Betel leaf is grown in tropics and subtropics for its evergreen leaves that are used in pooja/religious event and as a chewing stimulant’s. Mostly in our India having the paan after the meals for digestion, Its also used in India at auspicious occasions like a wedding or any festival.
Who would not know about Betel Leaf or Paan? People across the country enjoy paan, paan is also used in auspicious functions like pooja, etc. Also, do you know that paan also acts like an herb, and paan has many medicinal properties Do you know that headache, eye disease, ear pain, mouth disease, use of betel leaf in winter of children can be beneficial. Not only this, but it is also beneficial for the medicinal properties of betel leaf in cough, cold, cold, heart disease, and respiratory diseases.
The climber is easy to recognize and can be found creeping along the ground or taking the support of walls or tree trunks.
According to Ayurveda, you can take the benefits of the medicinal properties of betel leaf in inflammation, filariasis, impotence, physical weakness, as well as the benefits of paan on problems of thinness, wounds, epilepsy, fever, snake bites. Let us know here one by one how many diseases can be benefited or harmed by consuming or using betel leaf.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF BETEL LEAF PLANT
Betel leaf grows very well in a tropical climate with high rainfall and shady places are the best for its vigorous growth. Betel leaf or paan can be grown in a wide range of soils such as sandy loam, heavy clay loam. supplementing the soil with good organic matter for best result to growth and higher yield. Soil should have good drainage as well, land should be raised by 5 – 10 cm from the adjacent areas and soil should be prepared by 4 to 5 ploughings, providing proper drainage. After the field of size is prepared in 15 cm height and 30 cm wide, Soil should be sterilized thoroughly before planting the betel leaf. When the soil temperature rises during the March month to May month, the soil should be covered by polyethylene sheets in order of soil borne pathogens.
October month is the best betel leaf season for plantation under the open ground cultivation. Since betel leaf needs high soil moisture content, frequent light watering is required depending upon the season of the crop. Irrigation should be given based on needs and proper drainage should be maintained during the rainy season. An average annual yield of a good betel leaf crop is about 60 to 75 leaf per plant, this yield also depends on cultivation methods variety of betel leaves.
Prune regularly after it reaches 2-meter height to control the plant, regular pruning and plunking of leaves encourage new growth and sweet and tender leaves.
Feeding occasionally every couple of months in the growing season of the plant with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer is recommended. keep the plant indoors in the winter season mostly at the temperature of 41 degrees Fahrenheit and 5 degrees Celsius in a warm and cozy room under grow light. They will not tolerate cold and sometimes shed its leaves too, but get to grow again in spring and remain in growth until fall. In such a condition keep care of watering in a limit overwatering can cause root rot.
It also suffers from fungal diseases, especially in the rainy season or overwatering is done. It’s not pest free and attacked by red mites occasionally, to save the plant watering should be reduced. Leaf blight is also a major problem that affects betel plants in which brown and black oily patches cover the leaf. This can be treated by simply pulling off the infected leaf or stem.
It’s an easy plantation and better if you buy a plant from the nursery, however, if you want to propagate it from cuttings, take about 18 cm long stem. Make 45 degrees cut using a sharp knife just below the leaf node. Remove all the leaves from the cutting except the top two leaves. Cutting nodes put in a glass of fresh water and place it in a cool place near the window indirect the sunlight, every day change the water regularly. Within 5-10 days, some roots are growing from the nodes. After that do plantation into a container or to the ground soil.
BENEFIT FOR HEALTH
Betel leaf comes with several health benefits as they are loaded with vitamins likes Vitamin C, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, carotene, and a great source of calcium.
Betel leaf is an excellent analgesic that offers instant relief from pain It can be used in alleviating pain caused due to cut, bruises, rashes. Make a past with the tender betel leaves and apply on an affected area. Betel leaf juice relief from internal pains in the body.
Benefit for Headache
Headache is can happen to everyone for any reason. Betel leaf is very helpful in headache, need to cover the betel leaf around the ear and tie it. It will get relief from headache.
Benefit to Cure eyes diseases
After become aged the eyesight is common, but nowadays it’s happening to small children because of continuous watching TV, phone, and laptop. Take 5-8 betel leaves and make a juice, add an equal amount of honey in betel juice. Applying it on the eyes like Kajal is beneficial in diseases of the eyes like eyelid disease.
Benefits for Ear pain
Drinking betel juice is also beneficial in ear pain. Putting 1-2 drops of juice of betel leaf in the ear and eyes provide relief in ear pain and night blindness.
Benefit for Anti-diabetics
Research has revealed that dried betel leaf powder has the ability to reduce blood glucose levels in individuals with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus and this herbal remedy comes without any side effects. Betel leaf is a great source of antioxidants with fights oxidative stress by scavenging free radicals. Thus betel leaf help in lowering high blood glucose levels and aids in the management of diabetes mellitus.
Benefit for Oral diseases
Tooth loss, oral cancer, an oral manifestation of HIV infection. Betel leaf is very popular as a mouth freshener and it can be used as a substitute for drugs that are used to treat the oral or dental infection. Betel leaf protects against dental caries by inhibiting the acid produced by salivary bacteria. Take a tree of grams of Rumi mastagi betel nuts and khadir, grind it with dry betels leaf and make a paste. Dialy rubbing it on the teeth gently with the brush or by finger. The problem of pain, swelling it occurs in the root of the teeth and get a cure for oral diseases.
Benefit in fighting with cough and cold
People can also take advantage of the use of betel leaf in the winter season. Grind the betel leaf and licorice to make a juice and mix honey in the juice and drink get relief in cold and cough. It also helps children to get relief from cold and cough.
Benefit to heal wound
It was found that betel leaf extract has a very strong effect on wound healing in case of burn wounds. Betel leaf is a great source of antioxidant which reduce oxidative stress and further help in quick wound healing.
Benefits in respiratory diseases
In sore throat and fever disease, consuming betel juice reduces swelling of the throat, get relief from fever and respiratory diseases.
Benefit in Anti-malarial
Flavonoids present in betel leaf possess significant anti-parasitic activity against different parasite strains of malaria. Thus betel leaves contain novel anti-malarial compounds that can be used in the fight against malaria.
Treat children’s constipation
Put oil on the stalk of betel leaf and place it on the anus of children. It ends the constipation of children.
Treat Breast swelling
For women whose infant has died, and the breasts have become swollen due to the filling of milk. Heat the betel leaf and put it on the breast of the woman. It will reduce the swelling and this makes the milk dry.
BETEL LEAF SIDE EFFECTS
Eating betel leaf is also an addiction. One gets used to it by constantly eating betel leaf. An eating plan for the first time has some special effect on the brain like some dizziness, nervousness, restlessness, etc., but all these complaints gradually go away once they become a habit. Sucking the betel leaves a high amount of saliva, which helps digestion, but the consumption of betel leaf along with tobacco and betel nut is harmful.
Overeating betel leaves reduces hunger, so it should be eaten in moderation. Betel nut contains a toxic substance called orchidlike, so betel nut should also be taken less. Eating more catechu with betel leaves causes lung problems. Excess of lime with betel spoils the teeth. Paan should not be eaten under these conditions due to being pungent, hot, and gallbladder: –
Hemorrhage (bleeding from the nose and ears)
Here the information about the benefits and disadvantages of betel, so that you can get the full benefit from the medicinal properties of betel leaf, but the intake of betel leaf for any disease Before taking or using paan, please consult an Ayurvedic doctor.
DIFFERENT NAMES IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Pan’s botanical name Piper betel Linn. (Piper Beetel) Syn-Chavica beetle (Linn.) Miq. Is, and is of the Piperaceae (Piperaceae) clan. We also get to know by these names: –
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