The scientific name of bitter gourd is Momordica Charantia. Bitter gourd is originated in India and was introduced in China in the 14th century. It is widely used in the cuisines of East Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Bitter gourd is rich in vitamins and minerals, it contains iron, magnesium potassium, and vitamin-like A & C. It contains twice the calcium of spinach and beta carotene of broccoli various antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound are present in bitter gourd. Bitter gourd scientific name is Momordica Charantia.
This plant grows up to 5m (16ft) in length, it bears simple, alternate leaves 4-12 cm (1.6-4.7 inches) across, with three to seven separate yellow male and female flowers. It’s hollow in cross-section with a relatively thin layer of flesh surrounding a central seed cavity filled with large flat seeds and pitch.
The fruit is most often eaten green before they turn yellow. The skin is tender and edible, seeds and pitch appear white in unripe fruit. They are not intensely bitter and can be removed before cooking.
The bitter gourd more typical of India has a narrower shape with a pointed end and surface covered with jagged triangle “teeth” and ridge it is green to white color. The pith becomes sweet and intensely red, it can be eaten uncooked at this stage and is a popular ingredient in some Southeast Asia salads.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF PLANT
Bitter gourd grows best in hot and humid climates the soil has warmed to at least 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit (15 to 18 degrees Celsius). At Least 6 hours each day to plantation bitter gourd in well-drained soil with a PH ranging from 5.5 to 6.7. Bitter gourd can tolerate less desirable sandy or silty loam soil but good drainage is essential. The best season to grow bitter gourd are between April to May and July to September.
Sow to seeds in each hole seeds germinate in 8 to 10 days, through low and high temperature and soil too dry and high or too wet can slow germination. Plant allowed to sprawl on the ground should be grown on straw on plastic mulch to prevent fruit from resting on moist soil where they might rot.
Bitter gourd can be attacked by spotted and striped cucumber beetles, can carry bacteria and diseases. Spray adult beetles with rotenone or a pyrethrum based insecticide, use all pesticides at dusk to avoid harming honey bees.
Prevent flies from reaching the fruit by covering the fruit with paper or wrapping them with newspaper, when the fruit is just an inch or two long.
Collect the seeds from mature fruit which turn to yellow color sort it, wash it and dry it in a cool dry spot. It will remain viable for 2 to 3 years.
Bitter gourd can be grown in a pot because this plant grows a very thin stem and less root. Take a medium size container that can hold at least 5 gallons of potting soil or more is better.
TOP 14 HEALTH BENEFITS OF BITTER GOURD (KARELA)
The benefit to boost your Immunity
Nowadays the immunity is most important to resist diseases. Drinking bitter gourd juice every day in the morning will help you lose weight quickly, many compounds that make it an effective Ayurvedic medicine for diabetes. It boosts your immunity.
Benefit for Anti-inflammation
Our body’s white blood cells were protected you from infection from bacteria and viruses. Bitter gourd is a rich source of vitamins and minerals. It contains iron, magnesium potassium, and vitamin-like A and C. It contains twice the calcium of spinach and beta carotene of broccoli various antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound are present in bitter gourd.
Benefit for Skin Ailment
A disease causes by irritants, genetic makeup, certain disease, and immunity problems. Regular eating bitter gourd is part of your daily diet is known to prevent skin ailments like Psoriasis and fungal.
Benefit for Ringworm
Ringworm is a common infection of the skin and nails caused by a fungus. An infection like ringworm and athlete’s foot drinking bitter gourd juice serves as a healthy way to detox the body.
The benefit to control Sugar
Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from food. Bitter gourd contains polypeptide, an insulin-like compound called and charantin, which had anti-diabetic properties. This component activity help in reducing blood sugar levels.
Benefit for Constipation
Constipation is common can be caused by poor diet and lack of exercise. It’s an excellent source of dietary fiber regular consumption of bitter gourd contributes to relieving constipation and indigestion. It supports healthy gut bacteria, which favors digestion and nutrient absorption.
Benefit from Dandruff
Dandruff is common to everyone and the solution is also very easy and homemade. It also takes a lot of measures to remove dandruff, but still, the problem of dandruff is not over. Applying the juice of bitter gourd in the head ends the problem of dandruff. Mixing turmeric in the juice of bitter gourd leaves also relieves dandruff.
The benefit of treating Sore Throat
A sore throat can be caused by overuse of the voice, a bum from hot food, a very dry mouth, or sleeping with an open mouth. Take 5 grams of bitter gourd root paste mixed with honey, or 5 ml basil juice. It will clear your sore throat and speak loudly.
Benefit for Cold and Phlegm
It can be caused by sinus and lung diseases. If you make a paste of 5 grams bitter gourd root. Add honey, or 5 ml basil juice to it. Take it. It can cure respiratory diseases, colds, and phlegm.
Benefits for Ear Pain
It caused by tight headwear, sleeping on a hard surface, grinding teeth. The use of bitter gourd is also beneficial in ear pain. Grind fresh fruits, or leaves of bitter gourd and extract the juice.1-2 drops in the ear after lukewarm it cures ear pain.
Benefit for Headache
It’s common for everyone from work pressure or stress. Add a little cow’s ghee to the juice of bitter gourd leaves, and the juice of Pittapapada. Applying it provides relief in headache.
Benefit for Gastric Disease
Gastric can be caused by bloating, hiccups, heartburn, stomach pain, ulcer, and nausea. Sometimes young children get gastric disease. In this case, mix a little turmeric powder in the juice of 6 ml bitter guard leaves. The disease is cured by drinking juice.
Benefit from Cholera
Cholera was caused by diarrhoeal infection caused by infection of food or water. Bitter gourd also benefits from cholera. Make a decoction of the root of 20-30 ml bitter gourd. Drinking it mixed with sesame oil is beneficial in cholera.
A benefit to increase milk for a pregnant woman
Often many women complain that after becoming a mother, the infant is not getting drinkable milk. Boil 20 grams of bitter gourd leaves in water and drink it. This increases milk for breastfeeding.
It should not be consumed with diabetics medication as bitter gourd can interfere with the medication. Pregnant women or women who are getting pregnant should avoid bitter gourd, as it can cause menstrual bleeding and it has been found to contain abortion or miscarriage.
The most common reason cited against the favor of sour taste of food is that these food are acidic in nature. Eating sour food just before lying down(sleeping) may cause acidity. It is also said that sour food may aggravate cold and cough. So eating sour food at night may come in way of your weight loss weakness and fatigue.
According to Ayurveda dietary habits, sour food is best avoided especially during the night. As per Ayurveda, there are three fundamental doshas which are Vata, pitta, and Kapha, and good health is considered of balance between these three doshas. Hence according to Ayurveda, it is best to avoid sour food during the night to maintain the balance of doshas.
DIFFERENT NAMES IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
India – karela, करेला
Sanskrit – karbelli
Oriya – Karena, ତିକ୍ତ ଗୁଣ୍ଡ |
Assamese – kakiral,
Kannada – haglakayi, ಹಾಗಲಕಾಯಿ
Gujarati – karela,karelu, કડવી લોભી
Telugu – kakra, కాకరకాయ
Tamil – pavakkachedi, பாகற்காய்
Bengali – Karala , করলা
Marathi – karale(karli), कारले
Malayalam – പാവയ്ക്ക, pavaykka
Spanish – calabaza amarga
Korean – 고야 (goya)
Russian – горькая тыква (gor’kaya tykva)
Chinese – 苦瓜 (Kugua)
Nepali – तिते करेला (tite karela)
Latin – amara cucurbita
Italian – zucca amara
Japanese – ゴーヤ, goya