Jack fruits are one of the commonly consumed foods in Sri Lanka from ancient times. The scientific name of the jack fruit is Artocarpus Heterophyllus. It is nonseasonal fruit and had a major contribution to the food supply of the people and their livestock when there were short supplies of stable food grain. It is a monoecious tree and bothmale and female inflorescence are found on the same tree. The fertilization is by cross-pollination and the propagation is mostly through seeds. The complete fruit development process takes about three to seven months from the pollination.
Jack fruit is considered to be originated in the rain forest of the Western Ghats in the Southwestern part of India, is found in many parts of Asia, Africa, and South America. In some countries, pureed jackfruit has been processed into baby foods, juice, jam, jelly, the base for cordial, candies, fruit rolls, marmalades, jackfruits leather, and ice cream. The unripe stage is also used to prepare pickles when the fruit is tender, The seeds are also consumed after boiling and roasting or added to flour for baking and cooked in dishes. The jackfruit tree is also used for durable timber, for the preparation of furniture. The chips are used to extract the orange-red dye, which is used to color the robes of Buddhist monks. Jackfruit leaves and fruits wasted on the jack tree are used to produce fodder for cattle, pigs, and goats.
The jack fruits tree is well suited to tropical lowlands and is widely cultivated throughout tropical regions of the world. All the Jack fruits tree can bear the largest fruit, reaching as much as 55 kg (120 pounds) in weight, 90 cm (35 inches) in length, and 50 cm (20 inches) in diameter. Every year the mature jack tree can produce some 200 fruits, with older trees bearing up to 500 fruits in a year. Jack fruits are multiple fruits composed of hundred to thousands of individual flowers, and the fleshy petals of the unripe fruit are eaten. The ripe fruits are sweet depending on variety and are more often used for desserts. Canned jackfruit has a mild taste and meat-like texture that lends itself to being called a “vegetable meat“.
The fruit color changes from yellowish-green to yellow due to the conversion of chlorophylls, anthocyanins, and carotenoids like pigments during ripening. Depending on the variety the color of the bulb can be cream, white, light yellow, yellow, deep yellow, lemon yellow. Jack fruits are light brown, rounded shaped 2-3 cm in length by 1-1.5 cm in diameter. They are surrounded by flesh and enclosed in a white aril surrounding a thin brown spermoderm, which covers the fleshy white cotyledon. It had been found that these are rich in carbohydrates and protein. Jack fruits contain amino acid-like arginine, cystine, histidine, leucine, lysine, methionine, threonine, and tryptophan. The flesh of ripe jack fruit contains 1.9gram proteins per 100g. The protein concentration of the jack fruit seeds may vary from 5.4 to 6.9%.
17 HEALTH BENEFIT OF EATING JACK FRUIT (KATHAL)
Jackfruit is a vegetable that is vegetarian. But the benefits are also countless due to its countless nutrients. According to Ayurveda, for which diseases jackfruit works as a medicine, let us know about it further
Benefit for Headache
To reduce the headache, grinding the root of jackfruit – filtering it and extracting its juice, putting 1-2 drops in the nose provides relief from headache. Jackfruit is very beneficial in relieving headaches.
Stop Bleeding from Nose
In the summer or cold, Just drinking a decoction of 10-12 pieces of jack fruit seeds stops bleeding from the nose.
Benefit for Appetite
Jackfruit has the quality that it helps to increase appetite. For this, make 10 ml juice of jackfruit and add 125 mg of black pepper and drink it, It will help to cure appetite and get more hungry.
Benefit for Diarrhea
If there is diarrhea after eating spicy food, then taking 10-20 ml decoction of jackfruit root helps in curing diarrhea. The quality of jackfruit is beneficial in stomach related diseases.
Benefit for Constipation
Jack fruit is a good source of fiber so it could help you feel fuller for longer and help you from constipation.
Benefit for Cholera
Cholera is an acute diarrheic infection caused by the infection of food or water contaminated with the bacterium. Jack fruit is also a way to cure the condition of cholera, Take 2-3 jack fruit flowers and grind them in water and drink it. It will cure and improve cholera.
Relief from Pain
Everyone has to face the pain in a run-of-the-mill life. The fruit of jackfruit works like a pain reliever. For this, make a decoction from the middle part of jackfruit and take 10-20 milliliters and drink it, it provides relief from pain.
Benefit from Ulcer
Gnawing or burning pain in your middle or upper stomach between meals or at night. The natural chemical in jack fruit may help prevent these sores from forming inside your stomach.
Relief from Inflammation
The use of jackfruit to reduce inflammation is beneficial. Applying milk obtained from the jack fruit tree and fruit on the inflamed area and applying it on the ulcer, or applying milk from the fruit of the jackfruit and tree in vinegar and applying it on the swelling and of the gland There is a benefit when it splits.
Benefit for Diabetes
Your body digests and absorbs jack fruit more slowly than some other foods. That means your blood sugar won’t rise as quickly as it might when you eat other fruit.
The benefit of Getting Relief from Gout
Everyone feels pain with age. To get relief from joint pain, i.e., the pain of Arthritis, the pain caused by arthritis is reduced by massaging with oil obtained from the Borassus labeled oil, coconut oil, and jack fruit.
Benefit for Skin problem
The high amount of Vitamin C in jack fruit may help protect your skin from sun damage. You need plenty of that nutrient to keep your skin firm and strong.
Help to fight Weakness
Sometimes weakness occurs due to being ill for many days. Drinking 3-4 teaspoons of jack fruit juice mixed with half a cup of milk reduces fatigue. This will help to reduce weakness and fight from weakness.
Control of Asthma
With the help of jack fruit roots, it can control asthma. It has been seen in some research that it is also used in diseases like asthma.
Benefit for Thyroid
Jackfruit contains an element called copper which helps make hormones. Its presence is also beneficial in serious problems like thyroid.
Benefit for Healthy Bones
Due to the strength properties found in jackfruit, it helps to keep bones and body healthy and strong from within.
Benefit for High blood pressure
The potassium in this tropical fruit could help lower your blood pressure which can help stave off heart diseases, stroke, and bone loss.
The benefit of Immunity Booster
Jack fruit contains potassium in the fruits and the seeds, a good source of vitamin B1 and vitamin B2, so it has an immune system in the jack fruits. It helps you to boost your immunity and keep you healthy.
Jack fruit is not easy to peel because of the stickiness. When you slice or cut the jack fruit the white gumming coming up to the knife and hands. To keep it from gumming up your knife and hands rub them with cooking oil before slice or cut the jack fruit. Once you do it will take time to separate the fleshy bulbs you can eat from tough strips of the membrane, which you cant you will then have to remove the seeds from each bulb.
Please avoid eating the dark spot in the jack fruit which is a very thin layer and the dark yellow color which will attached with seeds while opening the fruit. It may cause stomach pain or may cause constipation.
HOW TO TAKE CARE JACK FRUIT PLANT
Jack fruit seeds are viable for about a month after harvesting. Jack fruit seeding is quite sensitive and does not like to be disturbed at all possible. It’s best to sprout them in a somewhat larger pot and avoid the early transplanting that many plants require. To increase the odds of germination. soak seeding overnight, then plant into a sterile seeding soil and keep it warm. Expect germination in about two months, although it may happen somewhat faster. Jack fruit can also be propagated by air layering this is the somewhat more advanced technique that requires access to an adult plant and several months.
Jack fruit is best suited to grow in the arid and warm humid plains of south India. It thrives well in humid hilly slopes at an elevation of 1400 to 1600 meters. Frost and cold weather damages the tree and the fruit growth and areas having these condition are not suitable for jack fruits tree. Proper jack fruit plantation requires rich and well-drained sandy loam soil. Soil drainage is the great importance to jack fruit as evidence by the sudden decline of numerous trees in the area suffering a sudden rise in water level.
Jack fruits tree requires fertile and well-drained sandy loam soil pH values of 6.0 to 8.0. As jack fruits plantation does not tolerate waterlogging, land should be selected with good drainage. Jack fruit cannot tolerate moisture stress, but the presence of chlorine and lime is tolerable to some extent. Supplementing the soil with organic fertilizers always helps in the growth of the jack fruit trees. Lands nearby rivers beds are suitable for jack fruit cultivation.
Generally, jack fruit growing under rained conditions. There is no specific schedule for irrigation but jack fruit plants need watering regularly during the initial stage of 3-4 years. These trees are sensitive to drought conditions hence irrigation should be given in hot dry weather conditions. A ring system can be adopted to watering these trees. The frequency of irrigation always depends on the soil moisture-holding capacity and weather conditions. They don’t need any watering in the rainy season. In stagnation will impact the tree growth and fruit development.
Jack fruit had a long and delicate taproot, which makes repotting difficult. It’s best to avoid repotting young jack fruit it is not necessary. You can grow them in the same pot you sprouted them in for the first season. Assuming your plants make it through the winter, you can report in the soring again, stepping up one or two pot sizes. Repotting be careful not to disturb the young root of the jack fruit tree. Grow a jack fruit tree indoors but it probably won’t bear fruit there. Indoor most people won’t have space or room to let a jackfruit grow to maturity and fruit and it can take up to 14 years for jackfruit trees to bear fruit. The seeds which appeal to all the tastes may be boiled or roasted and eaten, or boiled and preserved in syrup-like chestnuts. They have been successfully canned in brine, in curry, and like baked beans, in tomato sauce. They are often included in curried dishes. Roasted dried seeds are ground to make flour which is blended with wheat flour for baking. Tender jack fruit leaves and young male flower clusters may be cooked and served as vegetables.
Young leaves are readily eaten by cattle and other livestock and are said to be fattening. In India, the leaves are used as a food wrapper in cooling and they are also fastened together for use as a plate.
DIFFERENT NAMES IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
The botanical name is Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Artocarpus heterophiles) is Syn-Artocarpus maximus Blanco.
The jackfruit is of the Moraceae (Moraceae) family.
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