Karanda is native and common throughout much of India, Burma, and Malacca, and the dry area of Ceylon is rather commonly cultivated this area as a hedge and for its fruit. It is rare in Malaya expert as a potted plant in the north, often grown in Thailand, Colombia, South Vietnam, and in east Africa. The Karanda first fruited in the Philippines in 1915, one of the best small fruit introduced into the Philippine within recent years.

Karanda is a rank-growing straggly, woody, climbing shrub, growing to 10 or 15 feet (3-5m) tall sometimes ascending to the tops of tall trees, and is rich in white, gummy latex. The plant is common in plains and scrubs jungles along river banks and normally prefers deep, fertile, well-drained soil but if the soil is too wet, there will be excessive vegetative growth and lower fruit production. Branches are numerous and spreading, forming dense masses with sharp thorns, simple or forked up to 2 inches. Leaves are short petiole, evergreen, opposite, oval or elliptic, 4 to 8 cm in length 2.5 to 4 cm in width, dark green, leathery, glossy on the upper surface, lighter green and dull on the underside. If the leaves or stems are injured, the white milky sap is seen which is characteristic of this group of plants.

Karanda by plantsbhh

They are white often tinged with pink and borne in a terminal cluster of 2 to 12. Small flowers are produced from early spring through late fall. Flowers are followed by fruit cluster of 3 to 10 that is smooth, glossy, oblong, broad-ovoid or round long and has fairy thin but tough skin, purplish-red turning dark purple or nearly black and shiny when ripe smooth and glossy enclosed very acid to fairly sweet, often bitter, juicy, red or pink, juicy pulp, displaying spot of latex. A cluster of small black fruit ripens from May through October. The fruit consist of 2 to 8 small, flat brown seeds, fruit can be eaten fresh or used for jellies or jam and they are also commonly used as a condiment in India pickles and spices. The unripe fruit is used medicinally as an astringent. The ripe fruit is taken as an antiscorbutic and remedy for biliousness. The leaf decoction is valued in case of intermittent fever, diarrhea, oral inflammation, and earache. The root is bitter stomachic and vermifuge and it is an ingredient in a remedy for itches.


The Karanda plants grow vigorously in Florida on sand or limestone. In India, it grows wild on the poorest and rockiest soils and is grown as a hedge plant in dry, sandy, or rocky soils. It is most fruitful on deep, fertile, well-drained soil but if the soil is too wet, there will be excessive vegetable growth and lower fruit production. The plant grows slowly when it was young, once well established it grows more vigorously and becomes difficult to control. If kept trimmed to encourage new shoots it will bloom and fruit profusely. The Karanda can tolerate very cold weather. It grows from sea level to 2000 ft (600m) in the Philippine. It is not really suited to the humid climate of Malaysia. The Karanda may bloom and fruit off and on throughout the years. For use unripe, the fruit is harvested from mid-may to mid-July.  The main ripening season is August and September. Nursery plants were probably prone to the same pests that attacked young Carissa’s. 

Karanda by plantsbhh.in

It is a sun growing plant it can grow in semi-shade and it can grow in a wide range of soil including saline and sodic soil the water requirement in this plant is very low irrigation after planting bad manuring is essential. Plantation once established does not need much water. However, if there is no rain during the development of fruits, one irrigation may be given. This will increase fruit size. It thrives well throughout the tropical and subtropical climates. But for best growth, fertilizer Carissa three to four times a year with a general-purpose fertilizer containing all micronutrients. 

The ripe fruit of Karanda is acidic by nature, thick, hot, heavy, reducing gout, enhancing food taste, increasing phlegm, and increasing thirst. Apart from this, it is sweet, digestive, reducing bile. Karanda fruit is acidic, bitter, reduces irritation, and is toxic. Its root is anthelmintic. The bark of gooseberry root is bitter and hot in nature. It helps in reducing phlegm and Vata, helpful in reducing cough, the problem of excess urine, and normal weakness.


Kranada plantsbhh.in

The benefit to treat Tooth diseases

The medicinal properties of vitamin C in Karanda are used to treat dental diseases. Taking sauce made of its Karanda fruit provides it will relief from gum-related diseases in the mouth.

Benefit for scurvy

Scurvy is a disease caused by a chronic deficiency of vitamin C, the Symptoms of scurvy and low in vitamin C are bleeding gums, weakness, fatigue, and rashes The medicinal properties of Vitamin C in Karanda are most effective in relieving the symptoms of scurvy. Regular consumption of 1-2 fruits of Karanda helps in treating psoriasis.

The benefit of treating dry Cough

With the change of season, everyone is troubled by the problem of dry cough. To get relief from this, take honey and mixed with 5 ml Karanda leaf juice and get the relief from the pain of dry cough.

Benefits in Digestion

Digestion is causing anyone who has frequent digestive problems to face daily challenges. The presence of pectin in the Karanda fruit is beneficial for improving your digestion. The soluble fiber improves the functioning of your digestive system, thereby improving your appetite as well.

Karanda baby fruit and leaves from plantsbhh.in

Benefit for Diarrhea

Diarrhea is infected by bacteria, eating foods that upset your digestive system. more than two days without improving its becomes dehydrated, thirst, dry mouth or skin, no urine or short dark color urine, weakness. Taking raw dry fruit powder (1-2 grams) and root powder mixed with Karanda, it is easy to get relief from diarrhea, stomach diseases, and stomach worms.

Benefits in Excessive thirst Problem

If you feel extremely thirsty due to some disease, then taking 1-2 grams of powder made from the ripe fruit of Karanda is beneficial in bile and phlegm deformity, hyperplasia, food taste, and anorexia.

Benefits in Stomach Ache

Abnormal pain can be caused by many conditions through infection. If you have trouble with stomach pain due to overeating or acidity, then adding honey to the powder of gooseberry or root powder, taking it relieves stomach pain.

The benefit to reduce Fever

Karanda is an ample amount of vitamin C in the fruit, it has been used for ages of treating fever. being an antioxidant, the nutrient helps to fight the infection and bring down the fever. You can also consume 10 mg of the dried fruit of Karanda to control your fever.

Karanda juice by plantsbhh.in

The benefit of treating Excess Bleeding

Bleeding can be caused by accidents, piles, gastrointestinal bleeding, bleeding from the small intestine, and menstrual problems. Grind 1-2 grams of Karanda root with milk and give it to the patient, it provides relief in blood disorders and menstrual disorders.

Benefits to treat Cracked Heels

If any treatment does not cure the bursting of the feet or cracked heels, then the use of Karanda seeds and grind it and apply it on the feet is beneficial in the wound caused by burst feet or cracked feet.

The benefit to improve Mental Health

Regular consumption of Karanda fruit is beneficial for improving mental health. The presence of magnesium along with the vitamin and tryptophan help stimulate the production of Serotonin


It may affect one’s sexual health for a longer period for consuming a large quantity of Karanda fruit. It may reduce the production of semen and lead to low libido.

Karanada fruits by plantsbhh.in


Let us now know what are different names in other languages of Karanda are

English : Bengal currant ; Christ thorn

Sanskrit : Karamard

Hindi : Karonda ; Karaunda

Kannada : karijige ; karikayi

Telugu : Vaka ; karvande

Tamil : Kalakke ; Perangala

Gujarati : Karmada ; karmard

Bengali : Karmach ; Kurumiya

Malayalam : Karakka ; karant

Marathi : Karvand ; Karandi 

Nepali : Karondha


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