The scientific name of the rose is Rosa. The rose is one of the most favorite plants in the world and can see a rose plant in most houses. Rose is an old plant, one of the oldest fossils of roses discovered in Colorado 35 million years ago. There are more than 100 different species in the world. Major is the native from Asia, while others are from Europe, North America, and Africa. The size of the rose is depended upon the different species. Flower can reach from a couple to 33 inches in diameter. Some other species can be reached 23 inches in length. Colored roses are found in different shades of white, yellow, pink, orange, and red color. Each color of roses is symbolized a certain value like the red rose is a symbol of love, the yellow rose is a symbol of friendship, the orange rose is for enthusiasm, the white rose is the symbol of peace and purity, the pink rose is for joy. Rosewater and rose syrup are used in cooking. Rose hips can be turned into jams, marmalades or it can be dried and used in the preparation of tea. Rose oil also plays an important role to use an ingredient in the perfume industry. Extraction of the minimal amount of this oil requires a huge amount of roses, one gram of oil is produced from two thousand roses.
The rose flower is a very beautiful and fragrant flower, which is also shrubby and thorny. The rose is called the king of flowers, the rose day is celebrated every year on 12 February. Rose flower is most loved among people for its beauty and softness. People plant roses in homes for beauty and aroma. Rose has many medicinal properties. When the rose plant begins to flower, the greens and butterflies hover around it. The beauty of roses attracts everyone towards them. Apart from this, people express their love by giving rose flowers to their loved ones. Rose is used in many works such as making rose water, Gulukand is made from its rose petals. People offer the rose flower at the temple at the feet of God, rose flower was also very dear to Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. He used to keep it in his sherwani. Roses are also traded all over the world.
On hearing the name of the rose, a light smile comes on the lips, isn’t it? The rose is such a flower whose plant is so thorny that the flower is so adorable that everyone’s heart is fascinated with smelling and beauty. Apart from its enchanted form, the medicinal properties are also countless.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF ROSE PLANT
The selected site for the rose plantation should have to get full-day sunlight. In the summer season, it prefers partial shade during the very hot afternoon. The location of the rose plantation should be free from dust. Rose plants grow very well in medium loamy rich in organic, well-drained soil of at least 40 to 60 cm depth. Rose are perennial plants and will remain in the same bed for many years. The initial preparation of the soil should be preferable to start during the summer season. Anti-termite chemicals like chlorpyriphos should be applied to the soil before planting. The width of the bed should be 1.0 m and the length of the bed should be depending on the dimension of the playhouse. In the rectangular bed, planting two rows will be a good practice. Roses can be grown successfully under various climate conditions.
The leaves are borne alternately on the stem. in most of the species, they are 6 to 16 cm (2.5 to 6.2in) long. The leaflet usually has a serrated margin, and often a few small prickles on the other side of the stem. Rose plant revels in low temperature and root growth is very active in the winter season. Its plant can be planted at any time of the year. At the hill station or any hill location, October is the most suitable time for planting roses. Roses should be planted on thoroughly prepared pits in beds. The depth of planting will vary with the type of planting material.
Rose is a heavy feeder crop and it requires regular feeding of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are required large quantities. When nitrogen is deficient, the young leaves become small in size, develop pale green color with yellow and red tints and the buds develop poorly and the light in color. Phosphorus is important for encouraging root growth and stimulating flowering. Potassium is responsible for the hardiness of the flower stem, the better quality of bloom, and resistance to diseases.
12 EXCELLENT HEALTH BENEFITS OF ROSE
Rose flowers are as effective in smelling and seeing as they work effectively in the treatment of diseases, but to know about how they are used in the treatment of which diseases. In Ayurveda, rose is used as a treatment for many diseases. Let us know about it in further detail.
Benefits to Treat Mouth diseases
Take the Rose petals and grind with water, gargling after making rose flowers helps in treating swelling of the mouth, bad breath, and throat pain. Apart from this, chewing rose petals also reduces swelling of the mouth and lips.
Benefits of Drinking Rose Tea
Rose tea is a hot brew of dried rose petals and buds, sometimes rose hips are added to the tea blend. The petals from several cultivators of the rose species are used to make this tea. Rose tea has been widely acknowledged is its antioxidant capacity, rose tea is through to improve menstrually and reduce anxiety, pain, and inflammatory diseases.
Benefits for getting relief from the inflammation of Eyelids
Make a paste of rose flower petals applying the paste on eyelids it will reduce swelling of the eyelids. Also, rubbing the rose petals on the teeth helps in getting rid of dental diseases. It also helps to put 2-2 drops of rose extract in the eyes is very beneficial in relieving eye disease.
Benefits to Treat Tuberculosis
The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack parts of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. Rose flowers tea also helps and benefits to cure lung diseases. It also treats and gets relief from tuberculosis.
Benefits for Stomach diseases
Stomach problems may be caused by conditions of the digestive tract including, bacteria, parasitic, or viral infection of the gastrointestinal. Taking 2-4 grams powder of rose flower with honey provides relief in constipation, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Benefits from Rose Water
Rosewater is gentle in nature and helps in maintaining the skin pH balance. Regular use of rose water will keep the skin free of extra oil helps prevent problems like blackheads. whiteheads, acne, and pimple. The anti-inflammatory properties can reduce skin redness.
Benefits to treat Leucorrhoea
As it causes thick whitish or yellowish color discharge from the vagina during puberty when sexual organs are developing in a woman. Applying rose flowers petals paste on the vagina provides relief in leucorrhoea and by grinding flowers and roots it can help wound heal faster and also fight off infection of cuts and burns.
Benefits for Anti-aging
Rosewater is often found in beauty products aimed to reduce wrinkles. In addition to soothing irritated skin because of having an anti-aging effect, it may reduce the appearance of wrinkles when applied topically.
Benefits for Chicken Pox
Chickenpox is an infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus, it causes an itchy rash with a small fluid-filled blister. Drying the flowers of rose petals and making them powder and putting them on the bed of a person who suffering from chickenpox, quickly dries up smallpox or wounds.
Benefits in Headache
Rosewater and rose oils are commonly used in aromatherapy to help relieve headaches. This may due to the destressing effect need to apply a compress soaked in rose water to the head for 45 minutes for helping to get relief from headaches.
Benefits to treat Scorpio bites
Grinding red rose flowers and applying them to the stinging place provides relief from Scorpio stinging pain and swelling.
Benefits to Treat Snakebites
Grind the root of the rose flower plant and apply it to the place of snakebite, it provides relief in pain, burning sensation, and inflammation caused by the rash.
DIFFERENT NAMES OF DIFFERENT LANGUAGES OF ROSE
Hindi : Gulab
Sanskrit : Taruni
English : Cabbage rose
Gujarati : Gulab