The scientific name of Tamarind is Tamarindus Indica. The tamarind is a long-lived medium growth tree, which attains a maximum crown height of 12 to 18 meters (40-60) feet. The crown has an irregular vase-shaped outline of dense foliage. The tree grows well in full sunlight. The green leaves are alternately arranged and pinnately lobed. The leaflet is bright green, elliptic ovular pinnately veined, and less than 5cm (2inches) in length. The branches droop from a single, central trunk as the tree matures, and are often pruned in agriculture to optimize tree density and ease of fruit harvest. At night the leaflets are closed up. The tamarind flowers with red and yellow elongated flowers. Flowers are 2.5 cm wide (one inch), five-petalled borne in small racemes, and yellow with orange or red streaks. Buds are pink as the four sepals are pink and are lost when the flower blooms.
The fruit is sometimes called a pod, 12 to 15 cm (4 to 6 inches) in length, with a hard brown shell. The fruit has a fleshy, juice, acidic pulp, it’s mature when the flesh is colored brown. The tamarinds of Asia have longer pods that contain 12 seeds, whereas African and West indies varieties have shorter pods that contain one to six seeds. The seeds are somewhat flattened and glossy brown. The fruit is best described as sweet and sour in taste and is high in tartaric acid sugar, vitamin B, and unusually for fruit calcium. Tamarind is an evergreen of the pea family, native to tropical Africa. It is widely cultivated om tropical and subtropical regions for its edible fruit, the sweet and sour pulp of which is extensively used in foods, beverages, and traditional medicines. The plant is especially popular in the Indian subcontinent and Central America and Mexico and is a common ingredient in the cuisine of those regions. The tree is also grown as an ornamental, and the wood is used in carpentry.
Exceptionally large tamarind has been found on individual trees. The pods may be cinnamon brown or grayish-brown externally and a first and tender skinned with green, highly acid flesh and soft, whitish underdeveloped seeds. As they mature the pods fill out somewhat and the juicy, acidulous pulp turns brown or reddish-brown. Thereafter the skin becomes a brittle, easily-cracked shell and the pulp dehydrates naturally to a sticky paste enclosed by a few coarse strands of fiber extending lengthwise from the diameter and each is enclosed in a parchmentlike membrane. In India, extensive tamarind orchards are producing 2,80,000 tons annually. The pulp is marketed in northern Malaya and to some extent where the tree is found even if there is no plantation.
HOW TO TAKE CARE TAMARIND PLANT
Tamarind seeds that remain viable for months will germinate in a week after planting. In the past propagation has been customarily by seed sown in position, with thorny branches protecting the young seedling. However today young trees are usually grown in nurseries. The tree can be grown easily from cuttings or by shield budding side veneer grafting or air layering. The tree tolerates a great diversity of soil types. from deep alluvial soil to land and porous oologic limestone. It withstands salt spray and can be planted fairly near to the seashore. Tamarind may be left on the tree for a long as six months after maturity so that the moisture content will be reduced to 20 % or lower. Fruit for immediate often harvested by pulling the pod away from the stalk which is left with the long. In India, harvesters may merely shake the branches to cause mature fruit to fall and they leave the remainder to fall naturally when they ripe. Pickers are not allowed to knock the fruit off with a pole or bamboo as this will damage the developing leaves and the flowers.
Young trees should be planted in holes larger than necessary to accommodate the root system. They should be planted slightly higher than the existing ground level to arrow for subsequent settling of the soil and the water basin should be built around each three to assure adequate moisture for young trees. The spacing of trees is normally 20 to 30 feet in commercial orchards. In India, there are host pests that attacked the tree, including mealybugs, caterpillars, aphids, whiteflies, thrips, and a variety of scales. Various weevils and borers can also infest the ripening pods or stored fruit.
Tamarind fruit mature in late spring to early summer. The ripe fruit in humid climates is readily attacked by beetles and fungi so mature fruit should be harvested and stores in refrigeration. Tamarind may be eaten fresh but they are most commonly used with sugar and water in the American tropic to prepare a cooling drink. The pulp is used in flavor preserves and chutney, to make the meat sauce, and to pickle fish.
The leaves are used as fodder for cattle and goats, although they are rarely used for this purpose as it affects the fruit yield. They are also fed to certain species of silkworms in India and West Africa. Leaves and flowers are good mordants in dyeing. The flowers and leaves are also used in curries, salads, and soups. Tamarind is a diet, but it is also used as a medicine. Raw tamarind acidity is beneficial in disorders related to gout and blood disorders, while ripe tamarind provides benefits in the digestive system, kafwat disorder. Many diseases can also be treated with tamarind flower. Tamarind trees are big and shady.
TOP 18 MARVELLOUS HEALTH BENEFITS TO START EATING TAMARIND
Benefit for Headache
Headache can be caused by lack of sleep, an incorrect eyeglass prescription, stress, loud noise, and tight headwear. Soak 10 grams of tamarind in a glass of water keep it for 2-3 minutes then mash and sieve it. Add sugar for taste and drink it helps to cure the headache caused by the biliary disorder to get relief from headache.
Benefit for Blood Pressure
Blood pressure plays several things are smoking, overweight, consume alcohol, stress, and age. Tamarind is loaded with potassium but has low sodium. 750 mg potassium contains a whopping in one cup of tamarind, compared to just 34 mg sodium. Potassium helps the blood vessels relax and maintain the normal level of blood pressure with a great vasodilator.
Benefit for Eye diseases
Sties are caused by bacteria from your skin that gets into and irritation in the eyelids. In this, take the tamarind seeds should be rubbed with water and applied like sandalwood. This would have immediate benefit in the sties on the eyelids.
Benefits in Hair Loss
The use of tamarind can be beneficial for hair because according to research some such elements are found in the hair, due to which deficiency hair loss starts. Consumption of tamarind reduces hair loss by removing their deficiency.
Benefits for Heart Disease
Irregular heartbeat, Shortness of breath, weakness, persistent cough, or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm. Tamarind has antioxidant properties that keep your heart healthy. Consuming the tamarind to avoid heart disease and keeping your heart healthy.
Benefits in Anemia
The causes of anemia are cold hands and feet, chest pain headache, fast heart rate, and dizziness. Consumption of tamarind can be beneficial in blood loss because it contains iron which increases the hemoglobin and removes the deficiency of blood.
Benefit for good Nerve Function
The key for improving nerve function and maintaining strong refluxes is Thiamine and vitamin B complex is theirs in tamarind. Tamarind could help the growth of the damaged brain and spinal cells. Xyloglucan can act as a supporting scaffold through which healthy cells migrate and reattach to the nervous system.
Benefit for Weight loss
Consumption of tamarind can be beneficial in reducing the weight, as it has the property of catharsis that is laxative which removes the filthiness of the body. Which helps in preventing unnecessary weight gain and give fitness to the body.
Benefits in boosting your immunity
Consumption of tamarind also helps in strengthening the immunity system. Because the minerals are found in tamarind like calcium strengthen which helps you to boost your immunity system.
Benefits to treat Tonsil
Tonsil is a disease that can affect many things sore throat, pain in the ear, runny nose, impaired voice, bad breath, snoring, and lymph nodes. In the problem of tonsils, you can get relief by gargling with tamarind water because it has the properties of planting i.e. healing which helps in reducing inflammation of the throat.
Benefits for Jaundice
Jaundice may occur in the liver and the skin is white and the eyes become yellow. Taking tamarind water can be beneficial for jaundice because tamarind has the properties of protecting liver cells which help in keeping the liver healthy.
The benefit of treating Sinus
Sinus is also same causes runny nose, sneezing, fever, headache, mouth breathing, and difficulty in sleeping. Taking tamarind leaf juice is beneficial in the early stages of the sinus.
Benefits in Throat Disease
This also helps in the sinus, Boil 10 grams of tamarind in 1 liter of water. When the water remains half which 5ml, add 10 ml of rose water and filter it. Gargling with this water helps to cure throat inflammation.
Benefits to stop Dysentery
Dysentery is usually spread as a result of poor hygiene. If a dysentery person does not wash their hand after using the toilet, anything they touch is at risk. In the juice of tamarind leaves, extinguish the reddish iron. After filtering it, take 5-10 ml in 3-4 times a day. Taking it for a few days is beneficial in dysentery.
Benefits to treat Abdominal Pain in the Stomach
Put the tamarind bark in an earthenware pot with rock salt. Add the water and grind it. Taking 125 mg of grind water and add honey for taste and drink it, it will help to cure digestive system disease and abdominal pain.
The benefit to stop Diarrhea
The benefits of tamarind seeds also prevent diarrhea. Take tamarind seeds and cook 10-15 grams of tamarind leaves in 400 ml water. Drink it when the decoction remains one fourth. It is beneficial in diarrhea.
Benefits in Urinary disease
Soak 10 grams of tamarind seeds in water in the morning. In the evening peel off the brown color of upper seeds, grind it the inner white grass of tamarind seeds with cow’s milk at night. This will help in the problem of frequent urination.
Benefits for Leukoderma
Leukoderma is the white patches on the skin. The benefits of tamarind seeds are also found in diseases like white spots. Grind an equal amount of tamarind seeds. Applying it benefits in white stains.
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